Catholic missionaries in eastern Nicaragua and their changes over time. The Capuchin priests and Sisters of St. Agnes nuns arrived from the U. Midwest in with a particular conception of Church and mission that guided their activities in Nicaragua for more than 25 years. In the middle of the s, the Capuchins decided that they, too, should change the way they carried out their mission. Historians have started to call this period from the Long Sixties, defining it as a discrete period characterized by challenges to traditional practices, youthful experimentation, and utopian idealism.
My dissertation combines the history of the Capuchin mission and the construct of the Long Sixties in a novel way to explain that the change in missionary behavior is related to this distinct time period. How do women build peace in contexts of extreme diversity? How does gender-based solidarity operate among women peacebuilders coming from multiple ethnicities, religions, and classes? I pursue these questions both empirically and normatively, using an ethnographic study of women peacebuilders in the diverse and conflict-ridden state of Manipur, India, as the basis for sustained engagement with two schools of feminist political theory.
This study addresses my broader theoretical interest in the power of cultural practice to affect group identity and collective behavior. My dissertation is based on 13 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Mindanao, Philippines, in the immediate aftermath of signing the historic peace accord that put an end to four decades of armed conflict. Civil society organizations and networks of Christian, Moro, and Indigenous peace activists played a critical role in the peace accord negotiations and social reconciliation efforts.
My dissertation is a theory for intrapersonal praxis that enables solidarity, justice, and peace in the face of alienation, oppression, and violence. I combine the resources of a religious classic and a contemporary critical theory of subject formation to address identity-based impasse.
Namely, I employ the spiritual guidance and mystical anthropology of John of the Cross and the ethics and philosophy of Judith Butler. Drawing from John, I describe transformation of the self in terms of virtue, vice, and practices of attentive receptivity. Drawing from Butler, I describe transformation in terms of socio-political power, psychic processes, and practices of critical inquiry. In addition, I employ the affect theory of Silvan Tomkins to explicate how patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior may be interrupted or maintained.
With these elements, I develop an ecosystemic working theory of the transforming self, which I offer in contrast to the truncated modern identities diagnosed by philosophers Stephen Toulmin and Charles Taylor. Building upon this understanding of the transforming self, I recommend a set of dispositions and practices that can foster positive intrapersonal transformation in and through ambivalent socio-material resources.
My dissertation examines how ideology and information control contribute to the persistence of authoritarian regimes. I argue that while dominant ideologies of such regimes may differ in content, they rely on similar sets of underlying mechanisms designed to impact interactions in the public sphere. It illustrates how the ideologies of the DPRK and the Burmese junta worked to forestall critiques about authoritarian rule by limiting and manipulating discussion in the political public sphere. Drawing on research done in the U. K, and Uganda, I juxtapose educational curricula and materials from various time periods and administrations with political rhetoric found in newspapers, speeches, and unpublished papers.
Following eleven months of fieldwork in four regions of Uganda, I combine traditional historical research in archival depositories with an integrated peace studies approach, using semi-structured interviews with teachers, students, and school administrators. In addition to contributing to an understudied topic in Ugandan history, my dissertation will increase understanding of the role of education in national development and post-conflict reconciliation, particularly in countries that continue to struggle with the violent legacies of the past.
This dissertation argues that sanctuary is a pillar of ecclesial identity and a concretization of what it means to be a church of the poor in the United States. Among communities of faith the possibility of providing church sanctuary can become a point of controversy and division rather than unity. Within the Roman Catholic Church there is a critical need to better understand the theological foundations of sanctuary and the ways that it incarnates the nature and mission of the church as a sacrament of salvation in and for the world so that bishops and laity alike can appropriately discern their participation, or the cost of failing to protect the displaced and persecuted poor in their midst.
In a world marred by dehumanizing violence, sanctuary is a necessary mark of ecclesial existence, for it is a salvific practice not only for those whose life is threatened but for the church itself. But, instead of downplaying monotheism's intolerance, or trying to do away with it, I focus on the importance, and even the enlightened, secularizing benevolence, of its intolerance.
I conclude by relating this account of monotheism to the scapegoat-divinity of Christ and its relevance to the concerns of intolerance, democracy, and pluralism today--using the social theory of Chantal Mouffee as a source for patient, democratic agonism amidst contending visions of justice.
Successful Doctoral Dissertations | Department of Political Science | Kent State University
How do persons under attack and considered weak become change agents? My dissertation examines the corporate agency of Colombian Pentecostal communities in contexts of direct and sustained violence, emergent from deep structural violence. Grounded in fieldwork ; , I provide descriptions of communities that give primacy to collective ontology as the basis for their self-protection and other forms of social political engagement, without erasing internal difference or fluid and dynamic selves.
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Narrative descriptions are the basis for a theological reconstruction of this form of agency, as well as a critical reassessment and revision of eschatological categories used to talk about non-state subjectivities in Christian theology. The dissertation concludes with a return to the grounded realities of the communities, who once enacted peace amidst war on the local level in invisibility but in actively engaged in multi-level and multi-level peace processes.
State apologies addressing past injustices have dramatically increased over the past few decades and many have argued their important role in political reconciliation. My dissertation examines the conditions of successful state apologies, apologies which recipients find more satisfactory and acceptable. My dissertation looks at both interstate and domestic apologies in the aftermath of government-sponsored human rights violations and combines cross-case comparison research and within-case studies.
By identifying important causal conditions of apology reception, this project aims to contribute to our empirical knowledge of state apologies and to further specify the relationship between apology and political reconciliation. I examine and contrast the historical developments in two leading arms exporting nations, Germany and the United Kingdom. During the past 50 years, these countries moved away from treating arms embargoes as a nuisance they reluctantly navigated—and sometimes violated—to championing them as policy instruments.
School of Interdisciplinary Global Studies
Based on rich case studies of the arms embargo regimes against South Africa and China, and interviews with policymakers and archival research, the dissertation finds that the growing strength of the arms embargo norm has made noncompliance a costly choice for arms exporting states. The relationship between commitments to the faithful practice of the Christian life and effective engagement in political change has long troubled both theory and practice at the intersection of theology, politics, and nonviolence.
- Doctorate in Political Science.
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When Christian theologians and ethicists have considered the relationship, they have tended to collapse the dialectic, privileging one principle or the other. When analysts of strategic nonviolence have taken it up, they have tended to neglect considerations of faithfulness, focusing largely on why nonviolence works. The defence is public. All participants should present in English. Students are requested to send by e-mail to the coordinator, as well as upload to the Aula Global, the topic of the thesis a tentative title would suffice and two potential supervisors in order of preference.
The department will provide a form to fill out and a list of potential supervisors. The direction of the Master programme will make the final allocation of supervisors.
Students may then contact their supervisor to start working on the thesis. The thesis has to be submitted to the supervisor by e-mail and uploaded to the Aula Global as well. Supervision Students can propose a member of the Political and Social Department as supervisor a list will be sent to all students.
Master Thesis Calendar February Students are requested to send by e-mail to the coordinator, as well as upload to the Aula Global, the topic of the thesis a tentative title would suffice and two potential supervisors in order of preference. March The direction of the Master programme will make the final allocation of supervisors. Mid-June The thesis has to be submitted to the supervisor by e-mail and uploaded to the Aula Global as well.
Study Abroad London Summer Program. Back Programs B. Concentration in Public Administration B. Honors Program M. Political Science Service-Learning Students are spending this semester helping to register voters and answer their questions.