Research papers on organic farming

Unfortunately, he is in a bit of a dilemma while standing in the produce section of his local supermarket. In one hand, Simon is holding a conventionally grown Granny Smith apple. In his other hand, he has one that has been organically grown. Both apples look firm, shiny and green. Both provide vitamins and fiber, and both are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol.

Organic Farming Research Papers -

The conventionally grown apple cost less and is a proven family favourite. Does that mean it is better? More nutritious? Simon is suspicious about the decision he has to make. Like many other …show more content….

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Another paper published in the Journal of Applied Ecology found that organic methods to grow tomatoes can promote biodiversity while maintaining productivity. Such benefits of organic system to the environment and to the social health issue are strongly recommended while facing the huge productivity and gaining profit goal.

Current Economic Growth: Much has been said about the economic forces affecting agriculture and what they might mean for the 21st century. The term "mass customization" has been used to describe how firms might be able to produce customized products for different market segments.

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As organic foods become mainstream items, they are being marketed in many different outlets. In the beginning, the organic industry was dominated by "small, on-farm processors who grew and marketed fruits and vegetables at local farmers' markets and roadside stands" Scheel, Today, organic foods are found in traditional supermarkets, grocery stores and club stores, as well as in many restaurants and college foodservice operations Survey of International Trade Center, For example, organic farmers use predatory invertebrates to help control pests instead of using man-made pesticides. The word 'organic' is a legal term.

In the UK, all organic farmers, growers and processors must register with one of the organic certification bodies which inspect them at least once a year. The principles and practices of organic farming are developed from six key principles:. A closed system Organic farmers aim, as far as possible, for a closed system.

External inputs and waste outputs are at a minimum, so recycling is important and manure from livestock is a resource. Soil fertility and structure Soil is one of the most important resources. Organic farmers aim to maintain the long-term fertility of the soil. Biologically active soil will decompose organic matter faster, so bacteria, fungi and earthworms are encouraged. When soil organisms decompose organic matter, nutrients essential for plant growth are recycled back into the soil to 'feed' the next crop. Farmers must also protect soil structure.

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For air, water and nutrients to reach and be absorbed by plant roots, they need pores in the soil. So it is very important for the soil not to be compacted by livestock on the soil in wet winter weather or large farm machinery on wet ground.

Pollution and the use of fossil fuels Avoidance of polluting both farm and the wider environment is a priority. As well as waste management and good farming practices, usage of fossil fuel in food production is kept to an absolute minimum. Furthermore, the Swedish Farmers' Foundation for Agricultural Research SLF is funding research on organic farming within their ordinary research programmes, and the projects addressing organic farming are reported here. In a special program for research on organic farming was launched, which was a joint call of SLF and Formas for the period This research programme was also jointly financed by the two partners.

Swedish research on organic farming is also funded by international funding bodies, e. Furthermore, several ERA-Net programs, mainly funded by national partners, are relevant for organic agricultural research. The research activities cover a wide range of topics within organic crop and animal production as well as about food quality and marketing of organic products.

organic research paper pdf

Animal health and welfare issues in organic pig, poultry, dairy and meat production systems are high research priorities. Another important task is to optimise production and improve cultivation stability of protein feed crops, and also to find new local or regional feed protein sources. Locally produced protein feed for monogastric animals has been of special importance.